Hypertension is a widespread problem that affects a huge segment of the population in America alone. In fact ij affects 25 percent of adults in the United States. People who safer from high BP typically have primary hypertension a particular disorder whose causes are not known and affecting 90 to 95 percent of all hypertension patients. The other type is called secondary hypertension and is predominantly occurring in children more than adults. It is caused by underlying disorders such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, liver disease and kidney disease.
In the United States hypertension is adequately treated in less that 30 percent of the 25 percent of the total population that suffers from it. Appropriate hypertension therapy is one of the challenges that the world faces today. This actively links to how BP is effectively controlled. Uncontrolled high BP is extremely dangerous and can lead to stroke, heart failure and heart attack, even blindness. Doctors note that high BP patients suffering from stage 1 hypertension can be treated with lifestyle changes such as less sodium and more fruits and veggies for up to one year. These individuals particularly have a low risk for cardiovascular disease.
Patients with stage 1 hypertension buy accompanied by other cardiovascular risk factors or a higher stage of hypertension are treated with anti-hypertensive pills to reduce BP to a level below 140/90mmHg. If patients have diabetes or renal disease which is kidney disease or both, BP must be reduced to 130/80mmHg. Doctors strategic treatment efforts detect that diuretics and beta-blockers be the first line of treatment therapy for patients with conditions that are coexisting. Diuretics are a very popular treatment drug. Also known as ‘water pills’ because they extract water from the body, diuretics can on the other hand lead to potassium loss resulting in muscle cramps. Potassium rich diet will be needed to supplement this loss.
Patients with type 2 diabetes, kidney disease, or both will need to be treated with ACE inhibitors or angiotensin-receptor antagonists. Doctors are advised that if a patient’s BP is not brought to control after a dose of a single drug, a second anti-hypertensive agent with a complementary method of treatment should be added. rapid control of BP is known to be derived from combination treatment therapies as compared to single or mono-therapy and is as a result an initial treatment therapy for stage 2 and 3 hypertension patients. These strategies are important in controlling BP.Read the rest of this entry »